BERMAN, MORTON MAYER (1899–1986), U.S. Reform rabbi and organization executive. Berman was born in Baltimore, Maryland. He was a graduate of Yale (1921) and was ordained by the Jewish Institute of Religion in 1926, where he was deeply influenced by its president, stephen s. wise . He attended the Hebrew University of Jerusalem as the school's first Guggenheimer Fellow in 1926 and then studied in Berlin in 1927; he served as rabbi in Davenport, Iowa (1927–29), the Free Synagogue in New York City (1929–37), where he was an assistant to Wise and director of education, and Temple Isaiah Israel in Chicago (later KAM Isaiah Israel; 1937–57), a synagogue that had fallen upon hard times during the Depression, its membership depleted to 150 dues-paying members from 1,000 and which he brought back to its former prominence. During World War II Rabbi Berman was a chaplain in the Pacific with the U.S. Navy, where he won a Bronze Star for service on Okinawa. Berman was a political activist serving communal, national, and Zionist causes. From 1939 to 1957 he played leading roles in such national organizations as the Jewish National Fund, the Zionist Organization of America, and the American Jewish Congress. He edited the Congress Courier, now the Congress Bi-Monthly. A life-long Zionist, he took his own teaching to heart and in 1957 he moved to Jerusalem, where he became director of the department of English-speaking countries for Keren Hayesod. Rabbi Berman wrote Jew's   View of the Crucifixion (1929), Role of the Rabbi (1941), and For Zion's Sake: A Personal and Family Chronicle (1979). (Michael Berenbaum (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PHILANTHROPY — Introduction At the close of the 18th century the communal system of fund raising for charity with authority vested in the charity overseers (Gabba ei Ẓedakah) – to tax members of the community in order to ensure appropriate giving – was on the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ADLER, MAX — (1866–1952), U.S. merchant executive, musician, and philanthropist, who provided the money for America s first planetarium. Born in Elgin, Illinois, Adler as a child revealed remarkable talent for the violin. After receiving instruction in Elgin… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BAMBERGER, LOUIS — (1855–1944), U.S. merchant and philanthropist. Bamberger was born in Baltimore, Maryland. As a boy, he began work in a dry goods store, but while still a young man he moved to New York to engage in wholesale merchandising. In 1892 he and his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BAMBERGER, SIMON — (1846–1926), U.S. mining industrialist, railroad builder, and governor of Utah. Born in Germany, Bamberger immigrated to the United States when he was 14. He worked first in the store of his elder brother, Herman, in Wilmington, Ohio, and later… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BUCHALTER, LOUIS — ( Lepke ; 1897–1944), U.S. racketeer. At the age of 18 he embarked on a criminal career. After serving three years in Sing Sing prison on two burglary convictions, he turned to racketeering, commanding 200 gangsters, who extorted millions of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DAVIS, EDWARD — ( Teddy the Jewboy, 1816–1841), Australian convict and one of a handful of Jewish bushrangers. Davis was born in England. In 1832, a London court convicted him of stealing a shopkeeper s till worth two shillings and five shillings worth of coins …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EISENBERG, SHOUL — (1921–1997), industrialist and philanthropist. Born in Munich, Eisenberg fled from Germany in 1938 and eventually settled in Japan. At the end of the war he laid the foundations of his worldwide industrial empire. In Japan, his companies became… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GERTZ, ELMER — (1906–2000), U.S. lawyer. Gertz, who was born in Chicago and received his law degree from the University of Chicago, practiced law in his native city from 1930. He became known for his vigorous opposition to capital punishment, his defense of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LANDAU, EUGEN — (1852–1935), German banker and philanthropist, who was born in Breslau. He studied law and economics in preparation for entering his father s banking firm in Berlin, and subsequently became one of the partners. Establishing close connections with …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MERTON — MERTON, family of British and German industrialists and philanthropists. ABRAHAM LYONS MOSES (1775–1854), whose sons later dropped the name Moses and called themselves Merton, shared in the founding of the Jews Orphan Asylum and with Henry… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.